Bauhaus and its Sites in Dessau
Dessau in Saxony-Anhalt is the city with the largest number of original Bauhaus buildings in the world. The most significant buildings are UNESCO World Heritage sites. Opened in September 2019, the Bauhaus Museum Dessau is now another, more contemporary building to add to the list. The Bauhaus Dessau Foundation collection is being showcased here in its entirety for the first time. There is more than enough to tempt culture lovers and curious tourists alike.
The dawn of Modernism – at your fingertips
MAfter the First World War, a new era begin in Saxony-Anhalt, marked by modern housing, experimental art and reformed schools. Radical innovations in architecture, art and design were being developed at the Bauhaus in Dessau. The Bauhaus was founded by Walter Gropius in Weimar on April12, 1919. The architect’s main project was to create a “building of the future” as a Gesamtkunstwerk. He made this project a reality with his designs for the Bauhaus in Dessau and the Master Houses. To this day, the buildings are seen as key works in European Modernism that set the trend for the Neues Bauen architectural movement. They are UNESCO World Heritage Sites, along with the Houses with Balcony Access, which are prime examples of the development of twentieth-century social housing.
Bauhaus at every turn: The School of Art and Design was active for just under seven years (1925 to 1932) and left behind a powerful architectural legacy. The majority of Bauhaus buildings are located here in Dessau. These buildings are quintessential examples of Bauhaus design. Visitors can discover these fine specimens on tours or on their own individual walkabouts through the city.
The new Bauhaus Museum Dessau features an exhibition called “Versuchsstätte Bauhaus. Die Sammlung” (Bauhaus Experimental Spaces: The Collection) that explores the workings and impact of Bauhaus as a university and how the ideas that shape our everyday culture to this day came into being. The exhibition displays over 1,000 artefacts from the Dessau collection, which is made up of around 50,000 objects in total, making it the second largest Bauhaus collection worldwide. The exhibition is supplemented by alternating displays on selected topics. Visitors also have the chance to get creative themselves and to try their hand at small experimental design activities.
Since 1996, the Bauhaus building and the seven Master Houses in Dessau have been UNESCO World Heritage Sites, along with the Bauhaus building in Weimar. The Houses with Balcony Access, built under the direction of the second Bauhaus Director Hannes Meyer, joined the list of World Heritage Sites in Dessau in 2017.